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Enzyme: A Bio Catalyst for Cleaning up Textile and Apparel Sector

By: Lalit Jajpura. In: Detox Fashion : Sustainable Chemistry and Wet Processing. :95-137; Singapore : Springer Singapore, 2017. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

The textile and apparel sector provides employment to huge population across the world and plays a major role in global economy. Although, various toxic chemicals start from fiber cultivation/pro...


Impact of Hydraulic Retention Time on MBR and Hybrid MBBR-MBR Systems Through Microbiological Approach: TGGE and Enzyme Activities

By: A. Rodriguez-Sanchez; J. C. Leyva-Diaz; K. Calderon; J. M. Poyatos; J. Gonzalez-Lopez. In: Frontiers in Wastewater Treatment and Modelling : FICWTM 2017. :561-566; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2017. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

The microbial community structure and the enzyme activities of a MBR and two hybrid MBBR-MBR systems were analyzed at two different hydraulic retention times. The TGGE fingerprinting showed that ...


Enzyme Catalysis in Psychrophiles

By: Tony Collins; Charles Gerday. In: Psychrophiles: From Biodiversity to Biotechnology. :209-235; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2017. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

Cold-active enzymes are produced by organisms, known as psychrophiles, adapted to permanently cold habitats. Low temperatures have an exponential deleterious effct on reaction rates, and thus psy...


Looking If Any Correlation Exists Between the Total Antioxidant Capacity and Polyphenol Concentration (Measured Using Two Different Enzyme Sensors) in Several Food or Feed Based Vegetables and Pharmaceutical Integrators

By: Mauro Tomassetti; Riccardo Angeloni; Elisabetta Martini; Mauro Castrucci; Luigi Campanella; Maria Pia Sammartino. In: Sensors : Proceedings of the Third National Conference on Sensors, February 23-25, 2016, Rome, Italy. :233-237; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2017. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

The principal aim of the present research has been to check if any correlation exists between the total antioxidant capacity (TAOC) value and the total polyphenols content (TPC) of several food, ...


Nutritional and Physical Characteristic of Sweet Potato and Taro Flour Modified by Amylolytic Enzyme

By: Badrut Tamam. In: ICoSI 2014 : Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Innovation. :67-72; Singapore : Springer Singapore, 2017. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

Nutrition improvement and security could be implemented by utilizing local commodities, such as sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L) and taro (Colocasia esculenta (L) Schoot). An effort on food secur...


Methanotrophs: An Emerging Bioremediation Tool with Unique Broad Spectrum Methane Monooxygenase (MMO) Enzyme

By: Jay Shankar Singh; D. P. Singh. In: Agro-Environmental Sustainability : Volume 2: Managing Environmental Pollution. :1-18; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2017. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

This review is proposed to emphasize the contribution of methanotrophs as potential bioagents in mitigating the effect of toxic environmental pollutants like heavy metals, petroleum hydrocarbons,...


Prospecting Multiple Enzyme Systems of Mangrove Fungi for Dye Decolourization Potential

By: Nathan Vinod Kumar; K. Subha Rajam; Mary Esther Rani; R. Gunaseeli; N. D. Kannan. In: Bioremediation and Sustainable Technologies for Cleaner Environment. :319-327; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2016. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

Decolourisation of effluents is always a major issue in the effluent treatment process. There are many methods for the decolourisation of these effluents. Enzymatic decolourisation is one of the ...


Glucose Determination by Enzyme Analysis

By: Charles E. Carpenter; Robert E. Ward. In: Food Analysis Laboratory Manual. :203-206; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2016. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

Enzyme analysis is used for many purposes in food science and technology, including to indicate adequate processing, to assess enzyme preparations, and to measure constituents of foods that are enzyme...


Multistep Transformation Method for Discrete and Continuous Time Enzyme Kinetics

By: Z. Vosika; G. Lazović; Vojislav Mitic; Lj. Kocić. In: Proceedings of the IV Advanced Ceramics and Applications Conference. :303-316; Paris : Atlantis Press, 2016. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

In this paper we develop the new physical-mathematical time scale kinetic approach-model applied on organic and non-organic particles motion. Concretely, here, at first, this new research approac...


Use of Commercial Enzymes to Boost On-Site Enzyme Efficiency

By: Vandana Rana; Diwakar Rana. In: Renewable Biofuels : Bioconversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass by Microbial Community. :87-104; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2016. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

In-house production of cellulases from filamentous fungi is widely used, but their hydrolytic efficiency compared to commercial enzymes is limited. We studied the effect of supplementing in-house...


Enzyme Production from Trichoderma reesei and Aspergillus Strain

By: Vandana Rana; Diwakar Rana. In: Renewable Biofuels : Bioconversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass by Microbial Community. :69-86; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2016. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

Cellulase production by two filamentous fungi Trichoderma reesei RUT-C30 and novel fungal strain, Aspergillus saccharolyticus, on pretreated corn stover was investigated. Cellulase production was...


Systemic Enzyme Therapy in Comprehensive Treatment of Degenerative Rheumatic Diseases in the Elderly

By: Martin Wald; Jozef Rovenský. In: Gerontorheumatology. :363-366; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2016. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

Drugs for systemic enzyme therapy (SET) provide one of the options of pharmacotherapy of osteoarthritis and other painful disorders of the musculoskeletal apparatus. These oral preparations conta...


Biogeochemical Technology for Monitoring of Cleaning of Soil Polluted by Gas Condensate and Neutralization of Its Sludge by Means of Enzyme Activity Analysis

By: Rauf V. Galiulin; Vladimir N. Bashkin; Rosa A. Galiulina. In: Biogeochemical Technologies for Managing Pollution in Polar Ecosystems. :193-200; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2016. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

The biogeochemical technology for cleaning of soil polluted by gas condensate and neutralization of its sludge by means of enzyme (catalase and dehydrogenase) activity analysis is considered. Thi...


Enzyme-Based Reversible Logic Gates Operated in Flow Cells

By: Evgeny Katz; Brian E. Fratto. In: Advances in Unconventional Computing : Volume 2: Prototypes, Models and Algorithms. :29-59; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2016. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

Reversible logic gates, such as Feynman gate (Controlled NOT), Double Feynman gate, Toffoli gate and Peres gate, with 2-input/2-output and 3-input/3-output channels, were realized using reactions...


Enzyme Diagnostics in a Changing World of Exome Sequencing and Newborn Screening as Exemplified for Peroxisomal, Mitochondrial, and Lysosomal Disorders

By: Ronald J. A. Wanders; Ben J. H. M. Poorthuis; Richard J. T. Rodenburg. In: Inherited Metabolic Diseases : A Clinical Approach. :461-487; Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

Enzymes are the ultimate catalysts of chemical reactions and thus form the essence of metabolic pathways to ensure metabolic homeostasis. This occurs in close conjunction with the multiple transm...


Biohydrogen Production from Microalgae: An Enzyme Perspective

By: Ayse Kose; Suphi S. Oncel. In: Biohydrogen Production: Sustainability of Current Technology and Future Perspective. :181-206; New Delhi : Springer India, 2016. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

Biological hydrogen production from microbial origins especially from microalgal species has been an attractive source for the world to compensate the extreme fuel consumption of civilized popula...


Analysis of the Progress of Enzyme-Catalyzed Reaction

By: Alfonsas Juška. In: Analysis of biological processes : Verbal description, schemes, and mathematical models. :131-147; Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 2015. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

The aim of the present chapter is to analyze and model the progress of product accumulation in relation with the kinetic properties of the enzyme and substrate concentration. Conventional methods...


Metagenomics as a Tool for Enzyme Discovery: Hydrolytic Enzymes from Marine-Related Metagenomes

By: Ana Popovic; Anatoly Tchigvintsev; Hai Tran; Tatyana N. Chernikova; Olga V. Golyshina; Michail M. Yakimov; Peter N. Golyshin; Alexander F. Yakunin. In: Prokaryotic Systems Biology. :1-20; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2015. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

This chapter discusses metagenomics and its application for enzyme discovery, with a focus on hydrolytic enzymes from marine metagenomic libraries. With less than one percent of culturable microo...


Biogenesis of Escherichia coli DMSO Reductase: A Network of Participants for Protein Folding and Complex Enzyme Maturation

By: Catherine S. Chan; Raymond J. Turner. In: Prokaryotic Systems Biology. :215-234; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2015. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

Protein folding and structure have been of interest since the dawn of protein chemistry. Following translation from the ribosome, a protein must go through various steps to become a functional me...


Exploring Chemical Reactivity in Enzyme Catalyzed Processes Using QM/MM Methods: An Application to Dihydrofolate Reductase

By: J. Javier Ruiz-Pernía; Vicent Moliner; Iñaki Tuñón. In: Quantum Modeling of Complex Molecular Systems. :383-413; Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2015. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

Enzymes are the catalysts used by living organisms to accelerate chemical processes under physiological conditions. In this chapter, we illustrate the current view about the origin of their extra...


Recent Advances in Feedstocks and Enzyme-Immobilised Technology for Effective Transesterification of Lipids into Biodiesel

By: Madan L. Verma; Colin J. Barrow. In: Microbial Factories : Biofuels, Waste treatment: Volume 1. :87-103; New Delhi : Springer India, 2015. Language: English, Database: Springer Nature eBooks

There are several technological and economic challenges that need to be addressed to make biodiesel production profitable. Among the technological obstacles in enzyme-catalysed transesterificatio...

Subjects: Life Sciences; Biodiversity; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Biomedical and Life Sciences